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Russian Arctic Convoy Museum Project

On 22nd June 1941, Operation Barbarossa, Hitler's planned invasion of the Soviet Union was put into action.


Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union, had not expected an invasion as he had signed a non-aggression treaty with Germany in 1939.

The Arctic Convoys were a monumental collaborative effort to provide aid to the Soviet Union to bolster its defences against the invading German forces. The supplies were delivered by merchant vessels, escorted by warships, and shielded by air cover.


The route went through perilous Arctic waters, and the ships sailed under the constant threat of air, surface vessel, and u-boat attacks.


This prompted Winston Churchill to declare the route "the worst journey in the world".